Effects of pulsed ELF-magnetic fields and music on the germination of paddy (oryza sativa) ..and green gram (phaseolus vulgaris)

P.Sanker Narayan, T.Leelapriya and T.Blum : MIM , Chennai, 2001

Introduction

All forms of life respond to rhythms and vibrations and sound frequently is generated by the vibration of matter. Sound waves as well as electromagnetic waves induce reactions in living beings which might be related to tension as well as to relaxation.

Germination of a plant seed is controlled by many parameters and in plant studies since the sixties, several researchers have used electromagnetic fields or sounds waves to study their impact on germination and plant growth. Singh (1962) published data, which showed an accelerated streaming of cell-protoplasma after an aquatic plant (hydrilla verticiliata) had been exposed to violin music. Singh and his group continued these pioneering stimulation experiments with classical indian music using other plant species like asters, petunias, onions, sesam, sweet potatoes and radish. Similar successful plant studies have been carried out by Retallak (1973)  who studied the effects of piano music an plants like philodendron, geranium and african violets.

Another line of experiments is related to the effects of pulsed magnetic fields on plants, which since 1990 have been studied with great success at the Madras Institute of Magnetobiology (MIM). The researchers there used ELF (Extreme Low Fields) - magnetic fields and studied their impact on the germination, morphology and final crop yield of paddy (oryza sativa) and green gram (phaseolus vulgaris)

In the early nineties, Blum (Leonardo Publishers & TU-Berlin) initiated at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS, New Delhi) a project on music stimulation of chicken embryos, which later had been completed and carried out by the renowned neurobiologist Shashi Wadhwa and her group (1999). This group found significant enrichment effects (morphological changes, growth of neuronal tissue) in different areas of the embryonic chicken brain after stimulation with sitar music.

With all these results in mind, we, P. Sanker Narayan, T. Leelapriya & T. Blum, carried out studies, in which plant germination had been studied under stimulation with music and pulsed ELF magnetic fields.

Materials and Methods

Our plants were paddy and green gram, the standard experimental plants at MIM. Dry seeds of both plants were exposed to pulsed ELF magnetic fields (PEMF) having frequencies between 10 and 1 Hz and an intensity of 1500 nTesla. We used a daily exposure time of 5 hours over a period of 20 days. The entire experiment had been divided in 4 protocol regimes, namely:

1. Music and PEMF
2. Music - only
3. PEMF - only
4. Control (no PEMF no Music)

Samples of 25 mg of seed from each type were prepared for exposure (see pics in gallery). Always at the end of an exposure the dry seeds were soaked for 24 hours in water and 50 seeds were sown in each pot. A total number of 3 trials had been conducted for paddy and for green gram and always we applied the same type of music (vedic chanting pranava sound) for 5 hours daily over 20 days.

Results

After counting carefully the germinated seeds in every trial we achieved the results depicted in both histograms below: always the combined Music-and PEMF-stimulation (1) has shown as the most effective stimulation and PEMF-only (3) had been a bit more effective as compared with Music-only (2).

The effects can be explained with stimulus-dependent oscillations of the cell’s xylem and phoelem, then vibrating more intensely resulting in faster movement of cell fluids which means an increase in uptaking of the essential nutrients.

With regard to the referred chicken experiments, PEMF-Sound stimulation could be tested in this context as well to get first insights concerning probable therapeutic effects of adapted PEMF-Music stimulations in the human domain.

Acknowledgement

LeonardoEvolution GbR is especially grateful to Dr. T. Leelapriya and to Dr. P.Sanker Narayan (Madras Institute of Magnetobiology) for the excellent cooperation.

References

Singh, T.C.N. (1962) On the effect of music and dance on plants. Bihar Agricultural College Magazine Vol. 13 (1), Sabour,  Bhagalpur, India.

Retellak, D. (1973) The sound of music and plants. De Vorss, Santa Monica, California.

Wadhwa, S.  Anand,P. and Bhowmick,D. (1999) Quantitative study of plasticity in the auditory nuclei of chick under conditions of prenatal sound attenuation and overstimulation with species specific stimuli and music stimuli. Int.J. Neuroscience Vol.17: 239-253.

Results for Paddy.

  


Graph1 

 

              

Results for Greengram.

 
Graph2 

 

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